Immovable object: Samothraki - theTemple of the Great Gods

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Identifier: GR11
Period: Roman (Byzantine) government (1st century AD - 3th century AD)
Degree of socialization: Organized place to visit. Guarded / Self Storage for tickets. Access is by paved road. Museum all within easy reach (150 μ.).
Description: Mysteries of Samothraki were held during Greek and Roman antiquity. Identity and the nature of the gods of Samothraki remain mysterious because of mystical nature of worship. Ancient writers have imagined them often under the name Kavirian, something that is not present in the inscriptions of the island. Kavirian were gods foreign of the Greek pantheon. The name probably comes from the Semitic word Kabir, plural Kabirim, which means "Almighty".According to a source from the Hellenistic period are submitted the names Axieros, Axiokersos, Axiokersos and Kasmilos, identified by the Greeks in the fourth century BC with Demeter, Persephone, Hades and Hermes respectively associated with death and the afterlife. The sanctuary is located in Paliapoli, 6.5 km from Kamariotisa, modern port and occupies an area of ​​about 50 decares. The first evidence of religious activity in the sanctuary dated back to the 7th century BC. The period of greatest prosperity of the sanctuary is undoubtedly the third and second centuries BC (Hellenistic period). Sanctuary started to decline with the gradual reduction of the influence of ancient religion in the third century after Christ and the end of the fourth century, when it stops functioning. Monuments of sacred space are located on both sides of the stream. On the east side are the most important buildings palace, dome Arsinonoi, dancers and the sanctuary. Sanctuary, a luxury building in the Doric style, started to be built in 325 and ended in 150 BC. It was built with local limestone and marble. It has the marble benches for the ceremonies' observers. The so-called Palace is an elongated rectangular building with two main phases of construction in the 3rd century BC and the 1st century AD. The northern part was raised and it was the holy place only to the initiated. Ceremonies, which were at night, are connected with the palace and the sanctuary. Degrees of dedication were two: dedication and observation. The building with dancers dates back to the of 340 BC, and probably votive of Philip II. It consists of two identical rectangular rooms with one entrance, a Ionian gate to the Northwest part. Architectural sculptures speak of the exceptional sculptor Scopas. Dome of Arsinoe II is dedicated to the Queen of the Ptolemies between 288 and 270 BC. It was intended for sacrifice and public gatherings. These is the largest known circular construction in Greek architecture. The path of the ancient city ends in Propylon of Ptolemy II, a monumental approach to the shrine, which is dedicated between 285 and 281 BC by the ruling dynasty of Egypt. Става въпрос за голяма мраморна колонада от двете страни на пътя. It is a large marble colonnade on both sides of the road. To the West has led a sloping path to a circular area covered area the eastern hill, which is associated with a given ceremonial mystery. circular area with a diameter of 9 with slabs meters has an altar in the center and is surrounded by a five-level grandstands for spectators. This "sacred circle" was built in the 5th century BC. In the western part of the place of worship there are buildings for feeding of Visitors, Theater in very good condition and votive monuments such as the consecration of Milisia (3rd century BC.), Neorion (3rd century BC) and the monument of Nike, goddess of victory. In the Sanctuary of the Great Gods were found many important archaeological finds that are enriched a small museum next to the archaeological site: architectural fragments, gifts of believers, sculptures, ceramics, coins and inscriptions in Greek and Thracian language Area: 50.000 sq m Grid reference: 40°30'2.96"N, 25°31'48.29"E Contact information: Service structure: 15th Department Byzantine Antiquity (Komotini), +30 25310 29492, email: 15eba@culture.gr . Proposal for inclusion in thematic route: : Yes. Extremely important place included thematically in religious places from antiquity, socialized and easy to access. Inevitably place to visit for tourists in Samothraki. Associated with a visit to the Archaeological Museum of Samothraki (the same place), in the ancient city of Samothraki and medieval fortifications Gattilusi.

Related Publications

Samothraki (1990) (associated)

Related Collections

Historical heritage register (is part of)